By Rosmidahanim Razali
This paper research is about developing creative skills in children through art. Art is the best way to help and produce a creative person. Besides that, it is good for brain development for early children. Through art children learn complex thinking skill, confident, know to make a decision and help them grow intellectually.
Art is important for children especially during their early development year. Activities which involved art can help to develop creativity among children. As we know, children naturally love to play. We can see the process of growing up starts with play. It can take place either indoor or outdoor and develops as children grow and change. Development of play will produce experiences and knowledge as preparation for the future. According to Claudia C. Mincemoyer (2016) ‘Art engages children’s senses in open-ended play and supports the development of cognitive, social-emotional and multisensory skills’. This means experiences provide children with self-expression.
Definition of Art?
Art can be described as human activities, for example, produce pottery, textile and at the same time expressed the aesthetic values. According to Merriam-Webster (n.d), art is ‘something that is created with imagination and skill and that is beautiful or that expresses important ideas or feelings’. It includes fine arts such as painting, drawing, sculpture, writing poetry and performing arts like playing an instrument, singing, dancing, acting and film-making. Indeed the definition of art is wide and it depends on the individual’s perception to understand about it. Art is a platform for humans to share ideas, feelings, experiences and imagination. Art from children perspective could be their self-communication and perception of the world.
Creativity among children
Creativity is how you express yourself in your own way. Children naturally are creative but their creativity is different with each other. According to Lucas (2001) in the article, Irish National Teachers’ Organisation creativity can be described as ‘a state of mind in which all our intelligence are working together’. According to Claudia C. Mincemoyer (2016) ‘creativity is expressing one’s own idea, trying new things, and experimenting with changing materials’. In art, we can identify the creativity of children through activities or tasks that we give to them. Basically, they will be excited to learn, explore their creativity and play with new things when feel comfortable. The best way to develop creativity among them is to provide a creative environment with a variety of materials and give them time to create on their own. Children should be involved in thinking activities such as collage, puzzle, sensory art games and others.
The creative process is more important than the product at early stages of development. It is no right or wrong in process of exploration and no beauty or ugly to get the perfect results. Base on the pictures shown below, they involve imagination, feeling expression and experiment through sensory-motor activities. This artwork was exhibited at Balai Seni Visual Negara Kuala Lumpur and this exhibition was under ‘Bakat Muda Sezaman’ Young Contemporaries 2017.
Ho Mei Kei, Let’s Play Together, Clay, Board and Variable Dimension, 2017.
Description Artwork by Artist
I believe children works are play. This project explores the graphic activity of young children and its relationship to visual creativity and education development. Although our culture tends to emphasize conformity, children can be encouraged to express originality, to experiment, and to think and act creatively.
Art is a great tool for teaching. Children that participate in art activities can develop creative imagination, promote self – expression and at the same time build up their confidence. According to Brown (2010) in Idayu, Mohd Nazri and Mariani ‘children that have the risk, a problem can develop through the art activities and indirectly make it is as a therapy for them to an express emotion in stress situation’. The concept of art is very free and relaxed. Study of the arts improves children’s intellectual, personal and social development.
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Ho Mei Kei. (2017). Let’s Play Together. Kuala Lumpur: Balai Seni Visual Negara.
Idayu Abdul Said, Mohd Nazri Rahman & Mariani Nor. (2017). Analisis Kandungan
Terhadap Aktiviti Seni Bagi Pendidikan Awal Kanak-Kanak. Dalam Jurnal Terpilih Dari Tahun 2010-2016. Bil. 5, Isu 1.
Nunan S. (2009). Creativity and the Arts in the Primary School. Discussion Document and
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Mincemoyer C.C. (2016). Art – an opportunity to develop children’s skills. The Pennsylvania